Villous Gastrointestinal Tumors: Multimodality Imaging with Histopathologic Correlation.
Radiographics. 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):1370-1384. doi: 10.1148/rg.2018170159. Epub 2018 Jul 30.
Lubner MG1, Menias CO1, Johnson RJ1, Gaballah AH1, Shaaban A1, Elsayes KM1.
Villous lesions are advanced adenomas that manifest most commonly in the colon; however, they can develop throughout the gastrointestinal tract. The duodenum is the most common small-bowel site of these lesions. Although in most cases these are isolated lesions that occur sporadically, patients with certain specific colorectal cancer syndromes, including familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, may develop multiple advanced adenomas. Villous lesions are important because although they are histologically benign, they may harbor dysplasia and have potential for malignancy. These characteristics make them a primary target for colorectal cancer screening with optical and virtual colonoscopy. However, these lesions can also be symptomatic and detected at diagnostic imaging when patients present for examination. They have characteristic features at a variety of imaging examinations, including barium fluoroscopy, CT, MRI, and endoscopic US. It is important for radiologists to be aware of these lesions, their potential morphologies, and their typical appearances at multimodality imaging. Although villous tumors can be detected at imaging and confirmed with biopsy, owing to limitations in identifying dysplasia and foci of malignancy with the above modalities alone and the potential for malignancy, referral for surgical resection of these lesions ultimately is required.