CT and MR Imaging Features of Artificial Urinary Sphincters, Penile Prostheses, and Other Devices in the Male Lower Genitourinary Tract.
Radiographics. 2018 May-Jun;38(3):794-805. doi: 10.1148/rg.2018170087. Chorney ET1, Ramchandani P1, Jaffe WI1, Siegelman ES1.
Urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction are relatively common conditions in the aging male population. Surgical interventions for urinary incontinence include placement of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS), perineal sling, or sacral nerve stimulator and injections of periurethral bulking agents. Erectile dysfunction can be treated surgically with placement of a penile prosthesis. The complications of these devices can be broadly categorized as device component malposition, malfunction, and infection. This article focuses on AUSs, penile prostheses, and their complications. Familiarity with these devices and their complications allows the radiologist to effectively describe these implants in radiologic reports and to recognize complications when they occur. This article reviews the normal cross-sectional radiologic appearance of the most common implants used to surgically treat male urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction, as well as the potential complications associated with these devices. ©RSNA, 2018.