Vascular complications in kidney transplant recipients.
Abdom Radiol (NY). 2018 Oct;43(10):2546-2554. doi: 10.1007/s00261-018-1529-9.
Fananapazir G1, Troppmann C2.
Vascular complications are a significant source of morbidity and mortality among renal transplant recipients. Imaging using ultrasound, CT, and MRI plays a key role in diagnosing such complications. This review focuses on the major vascular complications of renal grafts, which include transplant renal arterial and venous stenoses, arterial and venous thromboses, arteriovenous fistulas, and pseudoaneurysms. Etiology, diagnostic modalities useful for diagnosis, and imaging appearance will be presented.