CT Texture Analysis of Ductal Adenocarcinoma Downstaged After Chemotherapy.
Anticancer Res. 2018 Aug;38(8):4889-4895. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.12803. Ciaravino V1, Cardobi N2, DE Robertis R2, Capelli P3, Melisi D4, Simionato F4, Marchegiani G5, Salvia R5, D'Onofrio M6.
BACKGROUND/AIM: Re-staging of ductal adenocarcinoma using computed tomography (CT) scan can be problematic so new imaging techniques and evaluation parameters are required. The aim of the study was to evaluate the added value of CT texture analysis in estimation of tissue changes in ductal adenocarcinoma downsized and resected after chemotherapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with ductal adenocarcinoma downstaged after neoadjuvant treatment, and resected, were included. A pre- and post-treatment CT was obtained. In comparison, patients with disease progression were included for texture analysis evaluation at CT pre- and post-treatment. CT texture analysis results were compared.
RESULTS: A total of 17 patients affected by un-resectable or borderline ductal adenocarcinoma reached the resectable stage after treatment. The comparison between Kurtosis pre- and Kurtosis post-treatment showed a statistically significant difference. On the contrary, in the comparison group composed of 14 patients with disease progression there was no statistical difference regarding this parameter.
CONCLUSION: This evaluation may represent an added value in tumor tissue changes judgment and can be extremely useful to diagnose downstaging in those cases with no evident downsizing after chemotherapy.