Cardiac CT: Technological Advances in Hardware, Software, and Machine Learning Applications
Frederic CommandeurMarkus GoellerDamini Dey Cardiac Computed Tomography (M Cheezum and B Chow, Section Editors) First Online: 29 June 2018
Purpose of Review: Multidetector row computed tomography (CT) allows noninvasive imaging of the heart and coronary arteries. The purpose of this review is to briefly summarize recent advances in CT hardware and software technology, and machine learning applications for cardiovascular imaging.
Recent Findings: In the last decades, there have been significant improvements in CT hardware focusing on faster gantry rotation resulting in improved temporal resolution. Concurrent hardware improvements include improved spatial resolution and higher coverage of the patient, enabling faster acquisition. Advances in cardiac CT software include methods for measurement of noninvasive FFR, coronary plaque characterization, and adipose tissue characteristics around the heart. Machine learning approaches using cardiac CT have been shown to improve both risk of prognosis and lesion-specific ischemia.
Summary: Recent advances in CT hardware and software have expanded the clinical utility of CT for cardiovascular imaging. In the next decades, continued advances can be anticipated in these areas, and in machine learning applications in cardiac CT, as they are incorporated into clinical routine for image acquisition, image analysis, and prediction of patient outcomes.