Liver Calcifications and Calcified Liver Masses: Pattern Recognition Approach on CT.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2018 Jul;211(1):76-86. doi: 10.2214/AJR.18.19704. Epub 2018 Apr 18. Patnana M1, Menias CO2, Pickhardt PJ3, Elshikh M4, Javadi S1, Gaballah A5, Shaaban AM6, Korivi BR1, Garg N1, Elsayes KM1.
OBJECTIVE: Because of the ubiquitous use of radiologic imaging, particularly with CT, the detection of focal hepatic calcifications has increased. Calcifications can be seen in cystic and solid masses associated with both benign and malignant causes, pseudomasses, and miscellaneous pathologic abnormalities.
CONCLUSION: These calcifications can manifest in various patterns, recognition of which can increase specificity for various diagnoses. In this article, we review a wide range of calcified hepatic pathologic abnormalities at CT and propose an approach for diagnosis.