Relation of EGFR Mutation Status to Metabolic Activity in Localized Lung Adenocarcinoma and Its Influence on the Use of FDG PET/CT Parameters in Prognosis
Yong-il Kim, Jin Chul Paeng, Young Sik Park, Gi Jeong Cheon, Dong Soo Lee, June-Key Chung, Keon Wook Kang American Journal of Roentgenology. 2018;210:1346-1351. 10.2214/AJR.17.18916
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the relation between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status and FDG PET/CT findings and to evaluate the influence of this relation on the use of FDG PET/CT parameters to establish a prognosis in cases of localized lung adenocarcinoma.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with stage I and II lung adenocarcinomas were retrospectively enrolled. At the initial FDG PET/CT examination, maximum and peak standardized uptake, tumor-to-background ratio, and volumetric parameters of metabolic tumor volume and total lesion glycolysis were measured.
RESULTS: The values of all the metabolic and volumetric FDG PET/CT parameters were significantly lower in EGFR mutant than in EGFR wild-type lung adenocarcinomas. All parameters were statistically significant for predicting recurrence-free survival. In multivariate analyses, peak standardized uptake and total lesion glycolysis were more significant prognostic factors than was TNM stage (p < 0.001). Optimal cutoff values of parameters for predicting recurrence-free survival were slightly different between the two groups.
CONCLUSION: EGFR mutation is related to low metabolic activity of localized lung adenocarcinoma at FDG PET/CT. Because of differences in the metabolic activity of EGFR mutant and wild-type tumors, EGFR mutation status must be considered when FDG PET/CT parameters are used for prognosis.