Modified National Comprehensive Cancer Network Criteria for Assessing Resectability of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma
Yoshifumi Noda, Satoshi Goshima, Hiroshi Kawada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Toshiharu Miyoshi, Masayuki Matsuo, Kyongtae T. Bae American Journal of Roentgenology. 2018;210:1252-1258. 10.2214/AJR.17.18595
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the preoperative resectability of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) using the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guideline, the general rules of the Japan Pancreas Society (JPS), and both of them combined.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six consecutive patients with PDAC (50 men and 36 women; mean age ± SD, 70.8 ± 9.0 years; age range, 49–86 years) underwent dynamic contrast-enhanced CT. Following the NCCN guideline, the degree of vascular invasion was evaluated to determine the NCCN score: 0 points for absence of vascular invasion, 1 point for tumor contact ≤ 180°, and 2 points for tumor contact > 180°. Direct invasion to adjacent structures was rated according to the general rules of JPS to determine the JPS score: 0 points for absence and 1 point for presence. The NCCN score, JPS score, and sum of the two scores, which we refer to as the “combined score,” were compared with histopathologic or intraoperative findings as well as for the differentiation of R0 resection (negative resection margins) from R1 (microscopic tumor infiltration) and R2 (macroscopic residual tumor) using ROC curve analysis.
RESULTS: The sensitivities, specificities, and areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) for the differentiation of R0 from R1 and R2 were 100.0%, 40.0%, and 0.725, respectively, with the NCCN score; 63.9%, 84.0%, and 0.824 with the JPS score; and 86.9%, 68.0%, and 0.874 with the combined score. The AUC of the combined score was significantly greater than that of the NCCN score (p = 0.0059).
CONCLUSION: The assessment of resectability of PDAC based on the combined criteria of the NCCN guideline and general rules of JPS was superior to that based on either criterion alone.