Tumor heterogeneity of pancreas head cancer assessed by CT texture analysis: association with survival outcomes after curative resection.
Sci Rep. 2018 May 8;8(1):7226. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25627-x. Yun G1, Kim YH2, Lee YJ1, Kim B1,3, Hwang JH4, Choi DJ1.
The value of image based texture features as a powerful method to predict prognosis and assist clinical management in cancer patients has been established recently. However, texture analysis using histograms and grey-level co-occurrence matrix in pancreas cancer patients has rarely been reported. We aimed to analyze the association of survival outcomes with texture features in pancreas head cancer patients. Eighty-eight pancreas head cancer patients who underwent preoperative CT images followed by curative resection were included. Texture features using different filter values were obtained. The texture features of average, contrast, correlation, and standard deviation with no filter, and fine to medium filter values as well as the presence of nodal metastasis were significantly different between the recurred (n = 70, 79.5%) and non-recurred group (n = 18, 20.5%). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, lower standard deviation and contrast and higher correlation with lower average value representing homogenous texture were significantly associated with poorer DFS (disease free survival), along with the presence of lymph node metastasis. Texture parameters from routinely performed pre-operative CT images could be used as an independent imaging tool for predicting the prognosis in pancreas head cancer patients who underwent curative resection.