Effects of Tumor Burden on Reference Tissue Standardized Uptake for PET Imaging: Modification of PERCIST Criteria.
Radiology. 2018 Mar 20:171356. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2018171356. [Epub ahead of print] Viglianti BL1, Wale DJ1, Wong KK1, Johnson TD1, Ky C1, Frey KA1, Gross MD1.
Purpose: To examine the effect metabolic burden (tumor and/or cardiac myocyte uptake) has on fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) distribution in organs and tissues of interest.
Materials and Methods: Positron emission tomographic (PET)/computed tomographic (CT) scans at the Ann Arbor Veterans Affairs hospital from January to July 2015 were reviewed. A total of 107 scans (50 patients; mean age, 64.3 years ± 13.2 [standard deviation]) had metabolic tissue burden assessed by using total lesion glycolysis (TLG) obtained from autosegmentation of the tumor and/or cardiac tissue. Standardized uptake value (SUV) and subsequent normalized SUV uptake in target organs and tissues were compared with 436 FDG PET/CT scans previously reported in 229 patients as a function of TLG to describe the effect(s) that metabolic burden has on reference tissue (blood pool, liver, and brain) FDG uptake. Subsequent regression by using linear mixed-effects models was used. If the slope of the regression was significantly (P < .05) different than zero, then an effect from TLG was present.
Results: There was a negative inverse relationship (P < .0001) between FDG uptake within reference tissues (blood pool, liver, and brain) and TLG in comparison to the study population at similar blood glucose levels. This TLG effect was no longer statistically significant (P > .05) when FDG uptake was normalized to a reference tissue (eg, blood pool or liver).
Conclusion: Metabolic tissue burden can have a significant effect on SUV measurements for PET imaging. This effect can be mitigated by normalizing FDG uptake to a reference tissue. © RSNA, 2018.