Choledochal Malformations: Surgical Implications of Radiologic Findings.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2018 Apr;210(4):748-760. doi: 10.2214/AJR.17.18402. Epub 2018 Feb 15. Banks JS1, Saigal G1, D'Alonzo JM1, Bastos MD1, Nguyen NV1.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the relevant pathophysiologic features, appearances, and surgical implications of choledochal malformations.
CONCLUSION: Choledochal malformations, colloquially called choledochal cysts, initially described in 1723, have been recategorized multiple times, the most widely accepted being the Todani classification based on morphologic features and location. Although readily applied to imaging findings, this classification system does not correlate well with clinical and surgical management. In 2004, Visser and colleagues proposed an alternative that emphasized the etiologic factors, imaging appearance, and treatment approach.