Subsolid Lung Nodule Classification: A CT Criterion for Improving Interobserver Agreement.
Radiology. 2018 Jan;286(1):316-325. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017170044. Epub 2017 Aug 8. Revel MP1, Mannes I1, Benzakoun J1, Guinet C1, Léger T1, Grenier P1, Lupo A1, Fournel L1, Chassagnon G1, Bommart S1.
Purpose: To evaluate an objective computed tomographic (CT) criterion for distinguishing between part-solid (PS) and nonsolid (NS) lung nodules.
Materials and Methods: This study received institutional review board approval, and patients gave informed consent. Preoperative CT studies in all patients who underwent surgery for subsolid nodules between 2008 and 2015 were first reviewed by two senior radiologists, who subjectively classified the nodules as PS or NS. A second reading performed 1 month later used predefined classification criteria and involved a third senior radiologist as well as three junior radiologists. Subsolid nodules were classified as PS if a solid portion was detectable in the mediastinal window setting (nonmeasurable, < 50%, or > 50% of the entire nodule) and were otherwise classified as NS (subclassified as pure or heterogeneous). Interreader agreement was assessed with κ statistics and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).
Results: A total of 99 nodules measuring a median of 20 mm (range, 5-47 mm) in lung window CT images were analyzed. Senior radiologist agreement on the PS/NS distinction increased from moderate (κ = 0.54; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.37, 0.71) to excellent (κ = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.80, 0.98) between the first and second readings. At the second readings, agreement among senior and junior radiologists was excellent for PS/NS distinction (ICC = 0.87; 95% CI: 0.83, 0.90) and for subcategorization (ICC = 0.82; 95% CI: 0.77, 0.87). When a solid portion was measurable in the mediastinal window, the specificity for adenocarcinoma invasiveness ranged from 86% to 96%.
Conclusion: Detection of a solid portion in the mediastinal window setting allows subsolid nodules to be classified as PS with excellent interreader agreement. If the solid portion is measurable, the specificity for adenocarcinoma invasiveness is high. © RSNA, 2017 Online supplemental material is available for this article.