Feasibility and safety of augmented-reality glass for computed tomography-assisted percutaneous revascularization of coronary chronic total occlusion: A single center prospective pilot study.
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2017 Nov;11(6):489-496. doi: 10.1016/j.jcct.2017.09.013. Epub 2017 Sep 21. Opolski MP1, Debski A2, Borucki BA3, Staruch AD2, Kepka C4, Rokicki JK5, Sieradzki B5, Witkowski A2.
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusion (CTO) may be facilitated by projection of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) datasets in the catheterization laboratory. There is no data on the feasibility and safety outcomes of CTA-assisted CTO PCI using a wearable augmented-reality glass.
METHODS: A total of 15 patients scheduled for elective antegrade CTO intervention were prospectively enrolled and underwent preprocedural coronary CTA. Three-dimensional and curved multiplanar CT reconstructions were transmitted to a head-mounted hands-free computer worn by interventional cardiologists during CTO PCI to provide additional information on CTO tortuosity and calcification. The results of CTO PCI using a wearable computer were compared with a time-matched prospective angiographic registry of 59 patients undergoing antegrade CTO PCI without a wearable computer. Operators' satisfaction was assessed by a 5-point Likert scale.
RESULTS: Mean age was 64 ± 8 years and the mean J-CTO score was 2.1 ± 0.9 in the CTA-assisted group. The voice-activated co-registration and review of CTA images in a wearable computer during CTO PCI were feasible and highly rated by PCI operators (4.7/5 points). There were no major adverse cardiovascular events. Compared with standard CTO PCI, CTA-assisted recanalization of CTO using a wearable computer showed more frequent selection of the first-choice stiff wire (0% vs 40%, p < 0.001) and lower contrast exposure (166 ± 52 vs 134 ± 43 ml, p = 0.03). Overall CTO success rates and safety outcomes remained similar between both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: CTA-assisted CTO PCI using an augmented-reality glass is feasible and safe, and might reduce the resources required for the interventional treatment of CTO.