Abdominal Imaging Findings in Neurocutaneous Syndromes: Looking Below the Diaphragm.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Dec;209(6):1197-1208. doi: 10.2214/AJR.17.18404. Epub 2017 Oct 5. Gosein M1,2, Harris A1, Pang E1, Maharaj P2, Chang S1.
OBJECTIVE: Neurocutaneous syndromes are a heterogeneous group of multisystemic disorders. We review the multimodality imaging findings in the disorders with a propensity for intraabdominal disease. We highlight more recently recognized disease patterns and discuss imaging surveillance optimization.
CONCLUSION: Knowledge of varied intraabdominal phenotypic expressions can increase diagnostic rates. Limitation of radiation dose must be considered in screening this tumor-prone population. Early detection of neoplastic findings is critical for morbidity and mortality reduction.