Acute Pulmonary Embolism: Retrospective Cohort Study of the Predictive Value of Perfusion Defect Volume Measured With Dual-Energy CT.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Nov;209(5):1015-1022. doi: 10.2214/AJR.17.17815. Epub 2017 Sep 12. Im DJ1, Hur J1, Han KH1, Lee HJ1, Kim YJ1, Kwon W2, Choi BW1.
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to investigate dual-energy CT findings predictive of clinical outcome and to determine the incremental risk stratification benefit of dual-energy CT findings compared with CT ventricular diameter ratio in patients with acute pulmonary embolism.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was conducted of the cases of 172 patients with acute pulmonary embolism who underwent dual-energy CT. Ventricular diameter ratio and relative perfusion defect volume were measured. The primary endpoints were death within 30 days and pulmonary embolism-related death.
RESULTS: A ventricular diameter ratio of 1 or greater was associated with increased risk of death within 30 days (hazard ratio, 3.822; p = 0.002) and pulmonary embolism-related death (hazard ratio, 18.051; p < 0.001). Relative perfusion defect volume was also associated with increased risk of death of any cause within 30 days (hazard ratio, 1.044; p = 0.014) and pulmonary embolism-related death (hazard ratio, 1.046; p = 0.017). However, the addition of relative perfusion defect volume to ventricular diameter ratio had no added benefit for prediction of death of any cause within 30 days (concordance statistic, 0.833 vs 0.815; p = 0.187) or pulmonary embolism-related death (concordance statistic, 0.873 vs 0.874; p = 0.866).
CONCLUSION: Compared with ventricular diameter ratio alone, lung perfusion defect volume had no statistically significant added benefit for prediction of death of any cause within 30 days or of pulmonary embolism-related death among patients with acute PE.