Multidetector Computed Tomography in the Evaluation of Cystic Tumors of the Pancreas
M. Del Chiaro et al. (eds.), Cystic Tumors of the Pancreas, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-31882-0_4
Siva P. Raman and Elliot K. Fishman
Over the course of the last two decades, dramatic improvements in the spatial and temporal resolution of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), as well as the routine utilization of multiplanar reformations and three-dimensional reconstruction tools, have had a signifi cant impact on our ability to evaluate a variety of pancreatic diseases with increasing accuracy and sophistication. Nowhere is this more evident than in the assessment of pancreatic cystic neoplasms, which are increasingly being identifi ed incidentally as a result of improvements in the spatial resolution of both MDCT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Given that roughly 1 % of all hospitalized patients in the United States and 25 % of all cadavers are found to harbor pancreatic cysts, it is not surprising that pancreatic cysts are frequently being identifi ed on studies being performed for completely unrelated reasons and this has consequently created a vital role for imaging in the diagnosis and risk stratifi cation of these cystic lesions [ 1 ].