The Surgeon's Role in Treating Chronic Pancreatitis and Incidentally Discovered Pancreatic Lesions.
J Gastrointest Surg. 2017 Aug 14. doi: 10.1007/s11605-017-3534-7. [Epub ahead of print] Dhar VK1, Xia BT1, Ahmad SA2.
Chronic pancreatitis and incidentally discovered pancreatic lesions present significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenges for surgeons. While both decompressive and resection procedures have been described for treatment of chronic pancreatitis, optimal management must be tailored to each patient's individual disease characteristics, parenchymal morphology, and ductal anatomy. Surgeons should strive to achieve long-lasting pain relief while preserving native pancreatic function. For patients with incidentally discovered pancreatic lesions, differentiating benign, pre-malignant, and malignant lesions is critical as earlier treatment is thought to result in improved survival. The purpose of this evidence-based manuscript is to review the presentation, workup, surgical management, and associated outcomes for patients with chronic pancreatitis or incidentally discovered solid and cystic lesions of the pancreas.