Atrial Fibrillation: Diagnostic Accuracy of Coronary CT Angiography Performed with a Whole-Heart 230-Ám Spatial Resolution CT Scanner.
Radiology. 2017 Sep;284(3):676-684. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017161779. Epub 2017 Apr 26. Andreini D1, Pontone G1, Mushtaq S1, Conte E1, Perchinunno M1, Guglielmo M1, Volpato V1, Annoni A1, Baggiano A1, Formenti A1, Mancini ME1, Beltrama V1, Ditali V1, Campari A1, Fiorentini C1, Bartorelli AL1, Pepi M1.
To assess image quality, interpretability, diagnostic accuracy, and radiation exposure of a computed tomography (CT) scanner with 16-cm coverage and 230-µm spatial resolution at coronary artery evaluation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) by using invasive coronary angiography (ICA) as the reference method and to compare the results with those obtained in patients with sinus rhythm (SR).
Materials and Methods
Written informed consent and institutional ethics committee approval were obtained. Between March 2015 and February 2016, 166 consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled (83 with AF, 83 with SR). They underwent ICA and coronary CT angiography performed with a whole-heart CT scanner. Image quality, coronary segment interpretability, effective dose (ED), and diagnostic accuracy were assessed at CT angiography and were compared with those attained with ICA. Diagnostic performance of the groups was compared with the pairwise McNemar test.
Mean heart rate during scanning was 83 beats per minute ± 21 (standard deviation) in the AF group and 63 beats per minute ± 14 in the SR group (P < .01). Coronary interpretability was 98.5% in the AF group and 98.4% in the SR group (P = .96). In a segment-based analysis, sensitivity and specificity in the detection of coronary stenosis of more than 50% compared with detection of ICA were 96.4% and 98.7%, respectively, in the chronic AF group (P = .98) and 95.6% and 98.1%, respectively, in the SR group (P = .32). In a patient-based analysis, sensitivity and specificity were 95.2% and 97.6%, respectively, in the chronic AF group (P = .95) and 97.8% and 94.7%, respectively, in the SR group (P = .93).
Whole-heart CT enables evaluation of coronary arteries with high image quality, low radiation exposure, and high diagnostic accuracy in patients with chronic AF, with a diagnostic performance similar to that in patients with SR. © RSNA, 2017 Online supplemental material is available for this article.