Management of Incidental Adrenal Masses: A White Paper of the ACR Incidental Findings Committee.
J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 Aug;14(8):1038-1044. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.05.001. Epub 2017 Jun 23. Mayo-Smith WW1, Song JH2, Boland GL3, Francis IR4, Israel GM5, Mazzaglia PJ6, Berland LL7, Pandharipande PV8.
The ACR Incidental Findings Committee presents recommendations for managing adrenal masses that are incidentally detected on CT or MRI. These recommendations represent an update to the adrenal component of the JACR 2010 white paper on managing incidental findings in the adrenal glands, kidneys, liver, and pancreas. The Adrenal Subcommittee, constituted by abdominal radiologists and an endocrine surgeon, developed this algorithm. The algorithm draws from published evidence coupled with expert subspecialist opinion and was finalized by a process of iterative consensus. Algorithm branches categorize incidental adrenal masses on the basis of patient characteristics and imaging features. For each specified combination, the algorithm concludes with characterization of benignity or indolence (sufficient to discontinue follow-up) and/or a subsequent management recommendation. The algorithm addresses many, but not all, possible pathologies and clinical scenarios. Our goal is to improve the quality of patient care by providing guidance on how to manage incidentally detected adrenal masses.