Liver-Directed Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: An Overview of Techniques, Outcomes, and Posttreatment Imaging Findings.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Jul;209(1):67-76. doi: 10.2214/AJR.17.17799. Epub 2017 Mar 28. Covey AM1,2, Hussain SM1,2.
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this article are to describe the indications, techniques, and results of arterially directed therapies and ablation and to review the imaging assessment of response and complications.
CONCLUSION: Most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma are not eligible for surgery, and systemic treatments are suboptimal. Therefore, locoregional therapy plays a large role in this disease. Locoregional therapies include arterially directed therapies, ablation, and radiation therapy.