CT detection of fat retention in the bladder after partial nephrectomy.
Abdom Radiol (NY). 2017 Jul;42(7):1819-1824. doi: 10.1007/s00261-017-1117-4. Kazaoka J1,2, Kusakabe M3, Ottomo T4, Akahane M3.
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the frequency of fat retention in the bladder using postoperative computed tomography (CT) and the associated imaging or clinical findings in patients who underwent renal tumor surgery.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed postoperative CT images from 123 patients who underwent surgery for renal tumors (92 patients after partial nephrectomy and 31 after total nephrectomy). Furthermore, we evaluated preoperative tumor characteristics per an established standardized nephrometry scoring system (the R.E.N.A.L Nephrometry Score) for patients with partial nephrectomy. We also investigated whether collecting system repair occurred during surgery.
RESULTS: Fat retention in the bladder was found in 5 patients (5.4%) after partial nephrectomy, but was not observed in any patients after total nephrectomy. No fat retention was seen immediately after partial nephrectomy (4-8 days), but occurred 2-15 months after the surgery. Subsequently, intravesical fat retention disappeared in 3 patients (8, 24, and 16 months later), and it persisted from 19-22 months after surgery in the remaining 2 patients. Collecting system repair occurred in 25 patients (27%) with partial nephrectomy. There was no statistically significant association between fat retention in the bladder and intraoperative collecting system repair (p = 0.12). The association with intravesical fat retention was not significant for either tumor size, distance to the collecting system, or the R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Score.
CONCLUSION: Fat retention in the bladder after partial nephrectomy can be observed using CT, although it is relatively rare. It is clinically asymptomatic and disappears spontaneously in most cases.