Prognostic Value of Combined CT Angiography and Myocardial Perfusion Imaging versus Invasive Coronary Angiography and Nuclear Stress Perfusion Imaging in the Prediction of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events: The CORE320 Multicenter Study.
Radiology. 2017 Jul;284(1):55-65. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017161565. Epub 2017 Mar 14. Chen MY1, Rochitte CE1, Arbab-Zadeh A1, Dewey M1, George RT1, Miller JM1, Niinuma H1, Yoshioka K1, Kitagawa K1, Sakuma H1, Laham R1, Vavere AL1, Cerci RJ1, Mehra VC1, Nomura C1, Kofoed KF1, Jinzaki M1, Kuribayashi S1, Scholte AJ1, Laule M1, Tan SY1, Hoe J1, Paul N1, Rybicki FJ1, Brinker JA1, Arai AE1, Matheson MB1, Cox C1, Clouse ME1, Di Carli MF1, Lima JAC1.
Purpose: To compare the prognostic importance (time to major adverse cardiovascular event [MACE]) of combined computed tomography (CT) angiography and CT myocardial stress perfusion imaging with that of combined invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and stress single photon emission CT myocardial perfusion imaging.
Materials and Methods: This study was approved by all institutional review boards, and written informed consent was obtained. Between November 2009 and July 2011, 381 participants clinically referred for ICA and aged 45-85 years were enrolled in the Combined Noninvasive Coronary Angiography and Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Using 320-Detector Row Computed Tomography (CORE320) prospective multicenter diagnostic study. All images were analyzed in blinded independent core laboratories, and a panel of physicians adjudicated all adverse events. MACE was defined as revascularization (>30 days after index ICA), myocardial infarction, or cardiac death; hospitalization for chest pain or congestive heart failure; or arrhythmia. Late MACE was defined similarly, except for patients who underwent revascularization within the first 182 days after ICA, who were excluded. Comparisons of 2-year survival (time to MACE) used standard Kaplan-Meier curves and restricted mean survival times bootstrapped with 2000 replicates.
Results: An MACE (49 revascularizations, five myocardial infarctions, one cardiac death, nine hospitalizations for chest pain or congestive heart failure, and one arrhythmia) occurred in 51 of 379 patients (13.5%). The 2-year MACE-free rates for combined CT angiography and CT perfusion findings were 94% negative for coronary artery disease (CAD) versus 82% positive for CAD and were similar to combined ICA and single photon emission CT findings (93% negative for CAD vs 77% positive for CAD, P < .001 for both). Event-free rates for CT angiography and CT perfusion versus ICA and single photon emission CT for either positive or negative results were not significantly different for MACE or late MACE (P > .05 for all). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for combined CT angiography and CT perfusion (AUC = 68; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 62, 75) was similar (P = .36) to that for combined ICA and single photon emission CT (AUC = 71; 95% CI: 65, 79) in the identification of MACE at 2-year follow-up.
Conclusion: Combined CT angiography and CT perfusion enables similar prediction of 2-year MACE, late MACE, and event-free survival similar to that enabled by ICA and single photon emission CT. © RSNA, 2017 Online supplemental material is available for this article.