Vertebral Compression Fractures: Third-Generation Dual-Energy CT for Detection of Bone Marrow Edema at Visual and Quantitative Analyses.
Radiology. 2017 Jul;284(1):161-168. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017162165. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
Petritsch B1, Kosmala A1, Weng AM1, Krauss B1, Heidemeier A1, Wagner R1, Heintel TM1, Gassenmaier T1, Bley TA1.
Purpose: To assess the diagnostic performance of a third-generation dual-energy computed tomographic (CT) virtual noncalcium (VNCa) technique for detection of traumatic bone marrow edema in patients with vertebral compression fractures.
Materials and Methods: This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board. Informed consent was obtained from all participants. Twenty-two consecutive patients with 37 morphologic vertebral fractures were studied between October 2015 and May 2016. All patients underwent dual-energy CT (90 kV and 150 kV with a tin filter) and 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Two independent readers visually evaluated all vertebral bodies (n = 163) for the presence of abnormal bone marrow attenuation on VNCa images by using color-coded maps and performed a quantitative analysis of CT numbers on VNCa images. MR images served as the reference standard. CT numbers were subjected to receiver operating characteristic analysis to calculate cutoff values.
Results: In the visual analysis, VNCa images had an overall sensitivity of 64.0%, specificity of 99.3%, accuracy of 93.9%, positive predictive value of 94.1%, and negative predictive value of 93.8%. The interobserver agreement was excellent (κ = 0.85). CT numbers obtained from VNCa images were significantly different in vertebral bodies with and without edema (P < .001). Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.922. A cutoff value of -47 provided sensitivity of 92.0%, specificity of 82.6%, accuracy of 84.0%, positive predictive value of 48.9%, and negative predictive value of 98.3% for the differentiation of edematous vertebral bodies.
Conclusion: Visual and quantitative analyses of dual-energy VNCa images showed excellent diagnostic performance for assessing traumatic bone marrow edema in vertebral compression fractures. © RSNA, 2017 Online supplemental material is available for this article.