Mid-diastolic left ventricular volume and mass: Normal values for coronary computed tomography angiography.
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2017 Mar - Apr;11(2):135-140. doi: 10.1016/j.jcct.2017.01.011. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
Juneau D1, Erthal F2, Clarkin O2, Alzahrani A2, Alenazy A2, Hossain A3, Inacio JR4, Dwivedi G2, Dick AJ2, Rybicki FJ5, Chow BJ6.
BACKGROUND: The adoption of prospectively ECG-triggered acquisition coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has resulted in the inability to measure left ventricle (LV) end-diastolic volume and LV ejection fraction. However other prognostic measures such as LV mass and LV mid-diastolic volume (LVMDV) can still be assessed. The objective of this study is to establish normal reference values for LVMDV and LV mass.
METHODS: Left ventricular mid-diastolic volumes and LV mass were prospectively measured in 2647 consecutive 'normal' patients undergoing prospectively ECG-triggered coronary CTA. Patients with known coronary artery disease (prior myocardial infarction or prior revascularization), heart failure, congenital heart disease, heart transplant or prior cardiac surgery were excluded. Commercially available software was used to calculate the LVMDV and LV mass.
RESULTS: Among the 2647 patient cohort (mean age = 58 years, 54% men), the mean LVMDV indexed for body surface area was 57.5 ± 15.3 mL/m2 and 64.5 ± 20.2 mL/m2 for women and men, respectively. The mean indexed LV mass was 52.2 ± 10.9 g/m2 for women and 63.6 ± 13.7 g/m2 for men. Indexed LVMDV decreased with increasing age. The presence of hypertension, diabetes and obstructive coronary artery disease did not have a clinically relevant impact on these values. Age and sex specific upper limits of normal were defined.
CONCLUSION: We establish normal reference ranges for LVMDV and LV mass using prospectively ECG-triggered coronary CTA. These benchmarks may identify patients at increased risk of adverse events, supporting the potential for clinical reporting of these metrics.