Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Urethra in Women: Distinctive MRI Findings for Differentiation From Nonadenocarcinoma and Non-Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Urethra.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Apr;208(4):805-811. doi: 10.2214/AJR.16.16929. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
Kim TH1, Kim SY1,2, Moon KC3, Lee J4, Cho JY1,2, Kim SH1,2.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the MRI findings differentiating clear cell adenocarcinoma of the urethra (CCAU) from nonadenocarcinoma of the urethra (NACU) and non-clear cell adenocarcinoma of the urethra (NCCAU) in women.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six women with pathologically proven CCAU, six women with pathologically confirmed NACU (two squamous cell carcinomas and four transitional cell carcinomas), and nine women with NCCAU underwent preoperative MRI. The MRI findings for CCAU, NACU, and NCCAU were reviewed by a radiologist who was blinded to the histopathologic findings and were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test and the Fisher exact test.
RESULTS: CCAU was shorter in height than NACU (3.4 cm vs 5.5 cm; p = 0.020) and also had a smaller height-to-width ratio than NACU (0.85 vs 1.51; p < 0.001) and NCCAU (0.85 vs 1.48; p = 0.002). The proportion of preserved urethra in CCAU (67%) was larger than that in either NACU (9%; p < 0.001) or NCCAU (22%; p < 0.001). All cases of CCAU originated within a diverticulum, whereas none of the cases of NACU and only one NCCAU originated in a diverticulum. Intratumoral septation was more frequently observed in CCAU (100%) than in NACU (16.6%; p = 0.015) or NCCAU (11.1%; p = 0.001).
CONCLUSION: MRI findings for CCAU were significantly distinctive, compared with findings for NACU and NCCAU. All cases of CCAU were associated with a urethral diverticulum, and CCAU had a lower height-to-width ratio, more frequent intratumoral septation, and greater preservation of normal urethra than did NACU and NCCAU.