Incidence and Clinical Significance of Renal Infarct After Fenestrated Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Apr;208(4):885-890. doi: 10.2214/AJR.16.16562. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
Burke LM1, Conyers JM1, Burke CT1, Dixon R1, Yu H1, Kim J1, Vallabhaneni R2, Farber MA2, Isaacson AJ1.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence and clinical significance of renal infarcts after fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent FEVAR with unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT angiography during a 4-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Two staff radiologists reviewed pre- and post-FEVAR CT examinations for the presence of renal infarcts. Pre- and postoperative serum creatinine levels were examined to determine statistical significance. The incidence of renal infarct and percentage of renal volume reduction were calculated.
RESULTS: Ninety patients were included for analysis. All patients had a mild progressive increase in serum creatinine level after FEVAR. Twenty-three patients (26%) had a renal infarct identified on post-FEVAR CT, nine (39%) of which were secondary to intentional exclusion of an accessory renal artery and 14 (61%) of which were presumed to be embolic. Two patients with presumed embolic infarcts and three with exclusion of an accessory renal artery had an increase in serum creatinine level of greater than 0.3 mg/dL at 1 month after FEVAR.
CONCLUSION: Although renal infarcts are common after FEVAR, the clinical relevance of these events appears to be limited, with less than one-quarter of patients with renal infarcts experiencing a decline in renal function.