Feasibility of Preoperative FDG PET/CT Total Hepatic Glycolysis in the Remnant Liver for the Prediction of Postoperative Liver Function.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Mar;208(3):624-631. doi: 10.2214/AJR.16.16450. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
Cho A1, Chung YE2, Choi JS3, Kim KS3, Choi GH3, Park YN4, Kim MJ2.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the prognostic value of total glycolysis of the remnant liver, which reflects both metabolic and anatomic liver function, for predicting postoperative hepatic insufficiency.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT and abdominal CT within 1 month of major hepatectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Total liver volume, remnant liver volume, the ratio of the remnant hepatic volume to the preoperative hepatic volume (RFRHV), and mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) were measured, and total glycolysis of the remnant liver was calculated. Clinical hepatic function reserve values, including the indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), were calculated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed, and an optimal model for predicting hepatic insufficiency was developed. ROC curves were used to compare diagnostic performance.
RESULTS: Of 149 patients, seven patients had hepatic insufficiency. The SUVmean showed the highest sensitivity (100%; specificity, 31.7%) for predicting hepatic insufficiency, and total glycolysis of the remnant liver showed the highest specificity (96.5%; sensitivity, 57.1%) for predicting hepatic insufficiency. On multivariate analysis, the odds ratio of APRI (> 5.4) and total glycolysis of the remnant liver (≤ 625.6) was 46.3 and 82.9, respectively, for predicting hepatic insufficiency. On ROC curve analysis, a new model composed of APRI and total glycolysis of the remnant liver showed a higher area under the ROC curve (Az) value (Az = 0.899) than SUVmean (0.659), MELD score (0.618), APRI (0.693), RFRHV (0.797), and remnant liver volume (0.762).
CONCLUSION: The total glycolysis of the remnant liver has moderate sensitivity and high specificity for predicting hepatic insufficiency. Combining the total glycolysis of the remnant liver and APRI yielded the best diagnostic performance for predicting hepatic insufficiency.