Ultrafast 3-T MRI in the Evaluation of Children With Acute Lower Abdominal Pain for the Detection of Appendicitis
AJR:198, June 2012
Alisa K.Johnson Christopher G. Filippi Trevor Andrews Timothy Higgins Judy Tarn David Keating Takamaru Ashikaga Steven P. Braff Janice Gallant
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of ultrafast 3-T MRI in the evaluation of children with acute lower abdominal pain for the detection of appendicitis.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Forty-two pediatric patients (30 girls and 12 boys; mean age, 11.5 years; age range, 4-17 years) with acute abdominal pain were prospectively studied. Ultrafast 3-T MRI was performed with a three-plane single-shot turbo spin-echo sequence and an axial T2-weighted turbo spin-echo sequence with fat suppression. All scans were performed without sedation or oral or IV contrast agent. Scan times were less than 8 minutes 45 seconds (median, 5 minutes 40 seconds). Patients underwent CT or ultrasound or both as a comparison study to the MRI examination. The MRI, CT, and ultrasound examinations were interpreted independently by four board-certified radiologists who were blinded to patient information, study interpretations, surgical pathologic findings, and final diagnosis.
RESULTS. Twelve of 42 cases of acute appendicitis were detected with 100% sensitivity, 99% specificity, 100% negative predictive value, and 98% positive predictive value, all of which were statistically significant (p < 0.01). The pooled and individual receiver operating characteristic curves for radiologists' interpretation of the diagnosis of acute appendicitis were greater than 0.95 in all cases (p < 0.01)
CONCLUSION. Ultrafast 3-T MRI is a feasible alternative imaging modality for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children, particularly in cases where ultrasound is equivocal or nondiagnostic, as an alternative to CT. Ultrafast MRI requires no sedation and no oral or IV contrast agent and has no associated radiation exposure risks.