Intense adrenal enhancement in patients with acute pancreatitis and early organ failure
Emerg Radiol (2007) 14:317-322
T. L. Bollen , H. C. van Santvoort , M. G. H. Besselink B. van Ramshorst , H. W. van Es , H. G. Gooszen , Dutch Acute Pancreatitis Study Group
Abstract Intense adrenal enhancement has previously been reported in patients with hypovolemic and septic shock. The purpose of this study was to assess whether this computed tomography (CT) finding is also observed in patients presenting with severe acute pancreatitis and early organ failure. A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database was performed. Out of 38 consecutive patients with predicted severe acute pancreatitis, 3 patients showed intense bilateral adrenal enhancement on early CT. All patients had early multiple organ failure and subsequently died. In two cases, pathologic correlation was obtained. Intense adrenal enhancement may be a new prognostic indicator in patients with acute pancreatitis, particularly when organ failure is present at the time of CT examination. Further studies are necessary to confirm this observation.